The Final Installment of an Investigation into the Damaging Affects of Cesium-137 on the Heart and Kidney
Welcome to the Nuclear World Network. This is where you’ll learn how to protect yourself from the fallout. We’ll talk about how you can use the law of selective uptake to your advantage, so you can stay vibrant and healthy in years to come. You can find links to the articles I mention over at nuclearworld.net/3-3. Thank you for taking the time to tune it.
Please understand that I have no credentials stating that I am in any way a professional on the matter, but I can tell you that I have been researching the effects of radiation on health and the environment since the mid 80′s.
In episode 3-2 we looked at evidence of fresh Fukushima fallout in the Bering Straits, we touched on a mysterious disease that’s killing dogs. I also walked you through how to read between the lines when reading research abstracts. I used the honey sample abstract from Polish researchers as an example. Like milk, honey is used as a marker to detect environmental radiation. We also touched on how cesium-137 affects the heart and we took a look at a 25 year study that was done on individuals that lived in a contaminated area in the Ukraine. And as always, I explained how you can use the law of selective uptake to your advantage.
In this episode, we’ll take an ever closer look at how cesium-137 effects heart tissue and we’ll touch on Dr. Bernard Jensen’s book, The Chemistry of Man and take a look at how he sees potassium’s role in the body. And, I’ll give you my rundown of which potassium rich foods top my list of preferences. Then we’ll wrap up the episode with Chris Busby’s recommendations on what to do to help children living in contaminated regions in Japan and his assessment of how fundamentally flawed “official” statistics are when it comes to assessing people’s risk when it involves radioactive cesium.
The Law of Selective Uptake
Before we get rolling, I’d like to quickly review how you can use the law of selective uptake to your advantage. In a nutshell, the law of selective uptake is this, radioactive isotopes mimic elements. Today the spotlight is on cesium-137. Cesium-137 mimics potassium. Strontium-90 mimics calcium. Plutonium-239 mimics iron. Each radioactive isotope mimics a specific element, except for cobalt-60. That mimics vitamin B12. Theoretically, if we keep our bodies saturated with a rich supply of ionic minerals and elements, it may repel the harmful effects of radiation and maintain your DNA’s integrity.
As I mentioned in episode 3, part 2, the myocardial cells in the heart are especially at risk due to the sodium/potassium pump and cesium’s affinity for potassium. In that episode, I explained how the sodium/potassium pump worked.
Radioactive Cesium May Become Absorbed by the Heart Muscle without Resistance
Since radioactive cesium is similar to potassium, it gets absorbed into the heart muscles without any resistance. The cellular membranes responsible for keeping harmful influences out are fooled into accepting radioactive cesium as if it were potassium. From there, radioactive cesium goes onto interfere with essential enzyme processes.
Radioactive Cesium Interacts with Cell Membranes and Creates a Serious Threat
It turns out that radioactive cesium interacts with the cell membranes and suppresses an essential enzyme called creatine phosphokinase. Creatine is essential to cellular energy metabolism. Creatine combines with phosphate to form phosphocreatine or creatine phosphate, which is pretty much the same thing, but with a slightly different name. Creatine phosphate is in muscle tissue. It’s basically what I would consider the holding tank for the energy needed in order to make muscles contract.
Creatine kinase is an enzyme responsible for the transfer of phosphocreatine to ATP. ATP is a nucleotide made from adenosine. (Adenosine is the basic structural unit of nucleic acids - DNA and RNA.) ATP is in all muscle tissue. It’s a major source of energy on the cellular level.
Creatine phosphokinase is found in many different cellular structures, including the cytoplasm and the mitochondria. The theory is that mitochondrial creatine phosphokinase acts as a catalyst in order to transform phosphocreatine from ATP. ATP is essential to cellular energy.
A decrease in enzyme activity is cause for alarm because it means that there is a serious problem with the delicate balance of energy in the mitochondria which in turn, affects the heart muscle’s ability to function properly. I believe it is important to note that a decrease in the activity of alkaline phosphates in myocardial tissues is a huge red flag because it indicates that some sort of degenerative process is taking place. In this case, it specifically points to exposure to ionizing radiation.
Cesium-137’s Damage is Predictable
Changes in the myocardial cells in laboratory animals and in individuals living in contaminated zones are very similar. It follows a pattern. When radioactive cesium is absorbed by the body the sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane (the sarcoplasmic reticulum is a network of tubular membranes that surrounds small slender muscle fibers or fibrils of calcium ions) and causes structural changes in myocardial cells.
What was discovered by Dr. Yuri Bandazhevsky, was that the nature of structural changes (in the myocardial cells of laboratory animals and people living in contaminated cesium-137 contaminated areas) shows that there is a problem with the permeability of the sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane involving the transfer of calcium ions. The researchers believe that it may be a direct effect of cesium-137 on the cell membrane, combined with the radioactive rays that cesium-137 emits as it decays. This results in the peroxidation of fatty acid chains of phospholipids. Which leads to changes in the cell’s membrane and it’s ability to allow calcium ions and other important ions to pass through. At the same time, it changes the activity of membrane-bound enzymes. The end result? Excess production of free hydroxy radicals and amplification of lipid peroxidation contribute to the destruction of cell membranes.
In one study, Bandazhevsky did an ECG (electrocardiogram) on children of different ages with different levels of exposure to radioactive cesium following Chernobyl. They also looked a tissue samples of different organs from people who lived in the contaminated zone and they did experiments on lab animals. Personally, I don’t feel that we should exclude the results of these animal studies because they are valuable in helping us drive home the fact that radioactive cesium, truly is something that we need to be seriously concerned about, not just for ourselves but for the children, as well.
Radioactive Cesium Impacts the Nervous System and Endocrine System
What Bandazhevsky discovered was that radioactive cesium has a direct impact on the cells, but also influence the nervous system and endocrine systems. Other factors that need to be considered include the amount of time people are exposed to radioactive cesium. Prolonged exposure to radioactive cesium may lead to the death of cardiomyocytes. Cardiomyocytes are specialized muscle tissue in the heart.
It was determined that radioactive cesium cardiac related events could be stopped all together, just by decreasing the amount of radioactive cesium in the body.
Cesium-137 Rat Study
Researchers also conducted a study on rats. They injected them with a large amount of cesium-137. Within 5 days, the total concentrated amount of cesium-137 was 1,000 becquerels per kilogram. At that level, it caused them to have heart attacks. It was determined, and quite obviously so, that the cesium-137 was the direct cause of death. They also mention that in cases of long-term cesium toxicity, there was a “progressive suppression of function of the sympathetic nervous system.” Apparently, it’s a double whammy because cesium toxicity causes a reduction in the body’s ability to cope or adapt to the changes caused by the radioactive cesium.
Men are the Most Vulnerable
In men, creatine phosphokinase activity is greater when compared to women. Researchers state that, “it cannot be ruled out that the vulnerability of this enzyme in myocardial cells [under] the influence of radioactive cesium is the…cause of sudden deaths in men. “ It should be further noted that, “a decrease in the activity of alkaline phosphatase in the myocardial structures is indicative of the development of degenerative processes specific for exposure to ionizing radiation.”
Which basically means that there is a reduction in the alkalinity in the smooth muscles that make up the myocardial cells. That’s a red flag telling us that the reduction in alkalinity in the heart cells is a degenerative process which can be linked back to exposure to ionizing radiation, like cesium-137. They go on to further state that in both cases (laboratory animals and people living in contaminated zones) that there is an “impairment in the permeability of sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane for [calcium ions].”
I’m going to backtrack a bit here at this point and cover material that we already covered, but in a slightly different way.
The sarcoplasmic reticulum is a specific type of smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Endoplasmic reticulum are a tiny little structure inside your cells. It is found in smooth and striated muscle fibers. Its job is to store and release calcium ions. The sarcoplasmic reticulum releases calcium ions during muscle contraction and absorbs them during relaxation.
Calcium Ions, Electrons and Basic Math
Calcium ions are atoms that have either lost or gained an electron. If an ion has a positive charge, that means it has lost an ion. If the ion has a negative charge, that means that the ion has gained an electron.
Radioactive cesium has a direct effect on the cell membrane due to the decay process it goes through. The decay process results in the per-oxidation of the fatty acid chains of phospholipids. That leads to changes in the cell’s membrane, which cause a change in the membrane’s structure and its permeability. The membrane allows certain molecules or ions to pass through it by diffusion and that ability is compromised when exposed to radioactive cesium.
In the study, they show a slide of the myocardium of a woman who died in childbirth. She had a concentration 105 becquerels of radioactive cesium in her heart per kilogram. The slide shows that the myofibrils disintegrated, and that there was a loosening of muscle fibers and inter-muscular edema.
Myofibrils are muscle slender fibers. They’re the small rod-like parts of muscle tissue. Muscles are made up of tubular cells called myocytes or muscle fibers. There types of cells contain many chains of myofibrils.
The authors of this study are quick to point out that, “Injuries to the cardiovascular system could not be examined separately from other organs and systems, particularly the kidneys. As the main organ of excretion of radioactive cesium from the body, kidneys are significantly affected even at small Cs-137 concentration. Kidneys also undergo similar damaging effects as the cardiovascular system, first and foremost in the glomerular apparatus. In the muscle fibers within the arterioles, there are changes identical to those observed in the myocardium. Contractures of myofibrils lead to a prolonged spasm of the arterioles, stopping the circulation in the structures of the nephron. Deaths of cellular elements form a specific structural change in the glomeruli, a phenomenon called melting icicles. Dystrophic and necrobiotic changes gradually appear, accompanied by wrinkling and fragmentation of the glomeruli.”
The Most Vulnerable Kidney Tissue
The researchers state that the glomerular apparatus is the first kidney tissue to be affected by cesium-137. The glomerular apparatus is in the kidney, It’s a small ball like shaped structure made up of tiny capillary blood vessels which are involved in filtering the blood in order to create urine. The glomerulus is essential to the kidney’s ability to function properly.
The glomerulus was named by an Italian anatomist named Marcello Malpighi back in the 1600s. Originally, it was called a malphigian corpuscle, but later the name was changed to glomerulus. The word glomerulus comes from the Latin word “glomus” or “ball of yarn.” When translated, it literally means “little ball of yarn.”
In episode 3, part 2, I touched briefly on a 25 year study that was conducted in the Ukraine on individuals who developed kidney cancer after living in a cesium-137 contaminated region. http://www.nuclearworld.net/3-2/
These two studies confirm that once cesium-137 is incorporated into the body, it poses a very serious danger. Not only does it put the heart at immediate risk, but it also affects the kidneys. Cesium-137 does a lot more damage than that, but those are the two major organs that we focused on in this 3 part investigation.
Potassium’s Protective Properties
At this point, I want to take a time out to consider just one aspect of potassium and it’s function in the body. In Bernard Jensen’s book, The Chemistry of Man, he tells us that, “Nerve force is dependent upon oxygen. Because potassium foods attract oxygen to the body, potassium indirectly generates a stronger nerve force. Power, vigor, vitality, enthusiasm and optimism come from oxygen. A form of neurasthenia is facilitated by low levels of potassium although phosphorus and iron shortages also produce this condition. Remember that potassium is active in the autonomic nervous system, in skeletal and involuntary muscles and sugar metabolism and apply food chemistry accordingly.”
In this context, neurasthenia is an undefined word that was used in the last century to loosely describe a condition of low energy, lassitude, fatigue and irritability.
In part one of my investigation into cesium-137, we briefly touched on some foods that were high in potassium. We looked at skipthepie.org’s website and found that sprouted lentils were one of the highest sources of potassium available. Now, I just want to add a few more plant-based items to that list. You can find more information about potassium rich foods in Bernard Jensen’s book, The Chemistry of Man.
Here’s my top picks and the potassium rich foods I would be most likely to personally enjoy, in no particular order:
- anise seed tea
- sage tea
- dried apricots
- red beans
- pinto beans
- white beans
- mung beans
- string beans
- lima beans
- black cherries
- kelp and dulse (which are types of sewed – It’s best to by Maine Coast Sea Vegetables, they test for radioactive contamination)
- fresh parsley
- raw pecans
- sesame seeds
- fresh spinach
- raw sunflower seeds
- swiss chard
- non-GMO tomatoes
- raw walnuts
Connect the Dots
Next, let’s take a look at a paper Chris Busby wrote on radiation exposure and the occurrence of heart attacks in children from Fukushima. Here’s the opening quote from the report, ”It is commonly supposed that exposure to radiation causes cancer and leukemia. For high doses, it is conceded that there are serious deterministic effects, ending in deaths. I want to discuss a non-cancer result of internal exposure to the nuclide Caesium-137 which is a major long lived contaminant from nuclear reactors, was present in the Chernobyl fallout and in the contamination from Fukushima…consider the effects of chronic exposure of children to this substance and how it will damage their developing hearts…First, we do not need to speculate about this. The data is available. Prof Yuri Bandashevsky carried out a great deal of research on the effects of the contamination of children in the territories of Belarus contaminated by the Chernobyl accident. He established that children with mean body burdens of upwards of 40Bq/kg Cs-137 suffered life-threatening cardiac problems including arrythmias, cardiac insufficiency (angina) and heart attacks (infarctions) which could result in death.”
His recommendation? “…make it a matter of urgency to begin to carry out clinical investigations and ECG measurements on children living in the contaminated territories and ingesting or inhaling Cs-137. Any child found to have cardiac anomalies should be immediately evacuated to clean territory. If it is found that any children are suffering cardiac problems it must be a matter of urgency to evacuate all the children.”
The Grim Reality
Busby explains that the “end point” of calculating the risk of cancer and leukemia due to exposure to cesium-137 is fundamentally flawed for two reasons. One, cancer rates connected to age have a different trend when it comes to heart and circulatory issues. That fact tends to be problematic in light of studies that are carried out on radiation victims. He uses the example of nuclear test veterans and others in high risk occupations to validate this point. Second, and I think the most obvious and pragmatic point of them all, is that if you die of a heart attack, then cancer is taken out to the equation. Therefore, based on Busby’s conclusion, it is my understanding that many “official” statistics on cancer rates and leukemia caused by cesium-137 exposure are not presenting the reality of the situation. And the reality of the situation, is very grim, when we compare the amount of radioactive cesium being continuously released into the environment vs. the amount that had been previously released during the Chernobyl disaster. It’s much worse because Fukushima is ongoing and to my knowledge, reports about he amount of tradition and the exact nucleotides that have already been released and are currently being released are all suspect, and that’s just my opinion.
There’s Just No Way to Paint a Rosy Picture. Period.
If you take a look at this abstract based on a model created by T. Christoudias and J. Lelieveld you will see the sad reality of the “global atmospheric dispersion and deposition of radionuclides released from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident” situation. The model was based on general atmospheric chemistry and knowledge of weather patterns. Of course, they factored in some reasonable variables to account for changes in latitude and longitudinal dispersion.
“The model accounts for emissions and transport of the radioactive isotopes 131I and 137Cs, and removal processes through precipitation, particle sedimentation and dry deposition. In addition, we simulated the release of 133Xe, a noble gas that can be regarded as a passive transport tracer of contaminated air.” Admittedly, they say that “the emission estimates of 131I are associated with a high degree of uncertainty.”
The model was based on a large uninhabited area in Japan that was contaminated with more than 40,000 becquerels of radiation per square meter. They also estimated the inhalation of aerosolized particles of cesium-137, cesium-134 and iodine-131 over a period of 50 years.
Anyway you slice it, the projected outcome is not going to rosy, to put it mildly.
In Future Episodes
In future episodes we’ll take a look at the groundbreaking work of Yuri Bandashevsky, but for now, we’ll conclude this three part series on cesium-137. Next time we meet, I’ll be focusing on radioactive iodine.
Let’s Stay Positive
With so much bad news, I believe it is important to focus on the positive and the positive is this, every radioactive isotope mimics a specific mineral. Knowing this fact and how to use it to your advantage is the good news. So remember, radioactive cesium mimics potassium. Use this knowledge to your advantage. Tell anyone who is willing to listen. Help me get the word out.
Thank you for Sticking Around
Waking up to the realization that we live in a world contaminated world is a bitter pill to swallow. I acknowledge you for being courageous.
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